Zaanse Schans

The Netherlands

Zaanse Schans is a neighborhood in the Dutch town of Zaandam near to Amsterdam.

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It is famous for its large collection of historic windmills – many of which are not just heritage buildings but still fully-operational. Tours allow visitors to see for themselves how the windmills are used for sawing wood, grinding oil and much more.

 

 

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The historic windmills and distinctive green wooden houses were relocated to Zaanse Schans in 1961 to 1974 from all over the Zaanstreek in order to recreate the look of an 19th-century village.

Information from Wikipedia.

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Kasteel de Haar

The Netherlands

De Haar Castle or Kasteel de Haar is located near Utrecht in The Netherlands.

The medieval House De Haar dates from the 13th century. It fell into disrepair in the 18th and 19th centuries. Architect Pierre Cuypers (famous for his designs of the Rijksmuseum and the Central Station in Amsterdam) restored and rebuilt De Haar for baron Etienne van Zuylen van Nijevelt van de Haar. The rebuilding took from 1892 till 1912 and was a project unique of its kind in all of Europe.

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Surrounding the castle there is a huge park with various gardens designed by Hendrik Copijn.

The park contains many waterworks and a formal garden which is reminiscent of the French gardens of Versailles. During the Second World War many of the gardens were lost because the wood was used to light fires and the soil was used to grow vegetables.

However the gardens are now restored in their original state.

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In order to decorate the park the entire village of Haarzuilens, except for the town church, was demolished. The inhabitants were moved a kilometer away and lived as the Castle’s tenants. The new village was also built in a pseudo-medieval style and features a rural village green.

Information from Wikipedia and Kastel De Haar

Ruins of Brederode

The Netherlands

Brederode Castle, also called the Ruins of Brederode, is located near Santpoort-Zuid in the Netherlands. The castle was founded in the second half of the 13th century by William I van Brederode (1215–1285).

 

 

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The name Brederode is a reference to a wooded area called Brede Roede (literally: broad wood), that was cleared and on which the castle was built. To begin with the castle was simply made up of  a tower but around 1300 Dirk II van Brederode had the tower pulled down and replaced with a proper castle.

Information from Wikipedia.

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